First, we need to be clear on what counts as being wealthy. High income, say 6 or even 7 figures, doesn’t count as being wealthy. Really.
Sure, having such a high income means you can afford to buy a lot of things. More importantly for our purpose here, it means you can save and invest a lot, which lets you build wealth far more easily than someone with a lower income. However, if you earn $1 million a year and spend $1.1 million, you’re destroying wealth rather than creating it.
Wealth isn’t determined by income, but rather by what you have set aside, and preferably invested. For a lucky few, wealth may also be inherited and passed down over multiple generations. Wealth is determined by your net worth or the difference between what you own and what you owe.
High income and wealth are somewhat correlated, but they’re not the same. In fact, it appears that other factors are at least as important. Things like age (you’ve had more time to invest), consistency (if you’ve earned a good income over a long time period, you’re more likely to be wealthy than someone who earns more now, but hasn’t earned more for most of her career), frugality (the less you spend, the more you can invest and build wealth), and luck (this could be having the luck to be born to a wealthy family and/or to have outsized investment returns as a result of taking high-risk investments that pan out).
According to a nifty calculator at DQYDJ.com, here are the net worth percentiles in the US. These tell you what fraction of Americans has a lower net worth than the numbers in the left column. Home equity here means the value of your primary residence less any mortgage balance owed on that property.
In their highly regarded book, The Millionaire Next Door, Thomas J. Stanley and William D. Danko define a classification of Americans into three categories.
This “Wealth Formula” simply takes your total income, multiplies it by your age, and divides it by 10. If you’re married, you’d take your joint income and the age of the older of the two of you.
For example, if John Smith earns $120,000 a year (including wages and investment returns), and is 45 years old, his expected net worth would be $120,000 x 45 / 10 = $540,000. If John has a net worth of less than
$270,000, he’d be in the UAW category. If he accumulated over $1,080,000, he’d be a PAW. If his net worth is between $540,000 and $1,080,000, he’d be in the AAW category.
While all other things being equal, higher net worth makes you wealthier than someone with a lower net worth, you could have a lower net worth than someone else, but be considered wealthier because your income and/or age are lower.
For example, if 40-year-old Jack makes $600,000 a year and has $1 million net worth, he is less wealthy than 40-year-old Jane who makes $60,000 and has a net worth of $500,000. Despite Jack’s net worth being twice Jane’s, he’d be in the UAW category, while she’s a PAW.
Having a lot of money isn’t the only or even most important thing, but… As my wise grandmother used to say, “Money is the least important thing, as long as you have plenty of it.”
The above will show you where you stand relative to other Americans in terms of your net worth, either with or without counting your primary residence equity. Further, you’ll be able to figure out where you stand relative to where you “should be” based on your age and income.
Douglas Finley, MS, CFP, AEP, CDFA founded Finley Wealth Advisors in February of 2006, as a Fiduciary Fee-Only Registered Investment Advisor, with the goal of creating a firm that eliminated the conflicts of interest inherent in the financial planner – advisor/client relationship. The firm specializes in wealth management for the middle-class millionaire.
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